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Wikipedia meme

Wow, July 7 has been a busy day in history. Being a history buff, I found it too hard to choose just a few, so warnings: long list ahead, LOL!



Events

* 1456 - A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death.
* 1534 - European colonization of the Americas: First known exchange between Europeans and natives of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in New Brunswick.
* 1777 - Battle of Hubbardton during the American Revolutionary War
* 1798 - Quasi-War: The U.S. Congress rescinds treaties with France sparking the 'war.'
* 1799 - Ranjit Singh's men take up their positions outside Lahore.
* 1807 - Napoleonic Wars: Peace of Tilsit between France, Prussia and Russia ends the Fourth Coalition.
* 1846 - Mexican War: American troops occupy Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the United States annexation of California.
* 1863 - United States begins first military draft; exemptions cost $100
* 1865 - American Civil War: Four conspirators in the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln are hanged.
* 1898 - History of United States overseas expansion: President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution annexing Hawaii as a territory of the United States.
* 1917 - Russian Revolution: Prince Georgy Yevgenyevich Lvov forms Provisional Government in Russia after the deposing of the tsar.
* 1930 - Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser begins construction of the Boulder Dam (now known as Hoover Dam).
* 1937 - Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Lugou Bridge - Japanese forces invade Beijing, China.
* 1941 - World War II: American forces land in Iceland to forestall an invasion by Germany.
* 1946 - Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized.
* 1946 - Howard Hughes nearly dies when his XF-11 spy plane prototype crashes in a Beverly Hills neighborhood.
* 1947 - Downed UFO believed to be found in the Roswell UFO incident.
* 1954 - In Memphis, Tennessee, WHBQ becomes the first radio station to air an Elvis Presley record.
* 1958 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
* 1959 - 14:28 UT Venus occults the star Regulus. This rare event was used to determine the diameter of Venus and the structure of the Venusian atmosphere.
* 1969 - In Canada, the Official Languages Act is adopted making the French language equal to the English language throughout the Federal government.
* 1978 - The Solomon Islands become independent from the United Kingdom.
* 1991 - Yugoslav Wars: Brioni Agreement ended ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
* 1994 - Aden is occupied by troops from North Yemen, completing the reunification of Yemen.
* 2000 - Tottoko Hamutaro anime begins.
* 2004 - The last patent on the LZW compression algorithm (in Canada) expires.
* 2005 - Terrorist explosions occur on the London Underground network and on a London Bus.
* 2005 - Influenced by Live 8, the G8 leaders pledged to double 2004 levels of aid to Africa from US$25 to US$50 billion by the year 2010.

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Births

* 1053 - Emperor Shirakawa of Japan (d. 1129)
* 1119 - Emperor Sutoku of Japan (d. 1164)
* 1586 - Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, English statesman (d. 1646)
* 1746 - Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (d. 1826)
* 1752 - Joseph-Marie Jacquard, French inventor (d. 1834)
* 1843 - Camillo Golgi, Italian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1926)
* 1848 - Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil
* 1855 - Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
* 1860 - Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer (d. 1911)
* 1884 - Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist and narrator (d. 1958)
* 1887 - Marc Chagall, Russian-born painter (d. 1985)
* 1893 - Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (d. 1981)
* 1899 - George Cukor, American director (d. 1983)
* 1901 - Vittorio De Sica, Italian director (d. 1974)
* 1901 - Sam Katzman, American film producer (d. 1973)
* 1902 - Ted "Double Duty" Radcliffe, baseball player (d. 2005)
* 1906 - William Feller, Croatian mathematician (d.1970)
* 1906 - Leroy "Satchel" Paige, baseball player (d. 1982)
* 1907 - Robert A. Heinlein, American science fiction writer (d. 1988)
* 1908 - Revilo P. Oliver, American professor and Racial Nationalist (d. 1994)
* 1911 - Gian Carlo Menotti, Italian-born composer
* 1915 - Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (d. 1985)
* 1917 - Fidel Sánchez Hernández, President of El Salvador (d. 2003)
* 1919 - Jon Pertwee, British actor (d. 1996)
* 1922 - Pierre Cardin, French fashion designer
* 1927 - Doc Severinsen, American composer and musician
* 1932 - Josef Zawinul, Austrian musician and composer
* 1933 - Murray Halberg, New Zealand runner
* 1933 - David McCullough, American historian and author
* 1937 - Tung Chee-Hwa, Hong Kong administrator
* 1940 - Ringo Starr (Richard Starkey), English drummer and singer (The Beatles)
* 1941 - Michael Howard, British politician
* 1941 - Bill Oddie, English comedian and ornithologist
* 1942 - Carmen Duncan, Australian actress
* 1943 - Toto Cutugno, Italian singer
* 1945 - Michael Ancram, British politician
* 1947 - Howard Rheingold American author
* 1949 - Shelley Duvall, American actress
* 1959 - Ben Linder, American engineer (murdered) (d. 1987)
* 1965 - Paula Devicq, Canadian actress
* 1966 - Gundula Krause, German folk violinist
* 1967 - Jackie Neal, American singer
* 1968 - Jeff VanderMeer, American writer
* 1969 - Joe Sakic, Canadian hockey player
* 1969 - Cree Summer, Canadian voice actress and singer
* 1970 - Wayne McCullough, Northern Irish boxer
* 1974 - Karlis Skrastins, Latvian-born hockey player
* 1975 - Michael Voss, Australian footballer
* 1980 - Michelle Kwan, American figure skater


[edit]

Deaths

* 1129 - Emperor Shirakawa, emperor of Japan (b. 1053)
* 1304 - Pope Benedict XI (b. 1240)
* 1307 - King Edward I of England (b. 1239)
* 1537 - Madeleine de Valois, wife of James V of Scotland (b. 1520)
* 1572 - King Sigismund II Augustus of Poland (b. 1520)
* 1573 - Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (b. 1507)
* 1647 - Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (b. 1586)
* 1701 - William Stoughton, American judge at the Salem witch trials (b. 1631)
* 1713 - Henry Compton, Bishop of Oxford and privy councillor (b. 1632)
* 1764 - William Pulteney, 1st Earl of Bath, English politician (b. 1683)
* 1776 - Jeremiah Markland, English classical scholar (b. 1693)
* 1790 - François Hemsterhuis, Dutch philosopher (b. 1721)
* 1816 - Richard Brinsley Sheridan, Irish playwright and politician (b. 1751)
* 1855 - Konstantin Batyushkov, Russian poet (b. 1787)
* 1880 - Lydia Child, American novelist and abolitionist (b. 1802)
* 1901 - Johanna Spyri, Swiss author (b. 1827)
* 1930 - Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish writer (b. 1859)
* 1932 - Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (b. 1880)
* 1949 - Bunk Johnson, American musician (b. 1879 or 1889)
* 1956 - Gottfried Benn, German poet (b. 1886)
* 1964 - Lillian Copeland, American athlete (b. 1904)
* 1965 - Moshe Sharett, second Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
* 1967 - Vivien Leigh, English actress (b. 1913)
* 1971 - Claude Gauvreau, Canadian writer (b. 1925)
* 1971 - Ub Iwerks, American artist, director, and cartoonist (b1901)
* 1972 - Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 1886)
* 1972 - King Talal of Jordan (b. 1909)
* 1973 - Max Horkheimer, German philosopher and sociologist (b. 1895)
* 1973 - Veronica Lake, American actress (b. 1919)
* 1980 - Dore Schary, American film producer and writer (b. 1905)
* 1990 - Bill Cullen, American game show host (b. 1920)
* 2000 - Kenny Irwin, Jr., American race car driver (b. 1969)
* 2001 - Fred Neil, American singer-songwriter (b. 1936)
* 2003 - Buddy Ebsen, American actor (b. 1908)
* 2003 - Izhak Graziani, Bulgarian-born conductor (b. 1924)
* 2005 - Casualties of the 7 July 2005 London bombings

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Holidays and observances

* Roman Empire - Nonae Caprotinae festival in honor of Juno (Queen of the Gods Day, neat!)
* Spain - San Fermín festival or running of the bulls, in Pamplona, Navarre. (The day the bulls get even!)

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Dorian
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